ATR Average True Range Measuring Volatility


The way it works is, for example when the buy signal is on, when prices dip towards the indicator, you can enter or go long at this level, which doubles up as support level. Similarly, when the sell signal is on, in red, price points nearing or touching the indicator can act as levels of resistance. A super-trend indicator is plotted on either above or below the closing price to signal a buy or sell. The indicator changes colour, based on whether or not you should be buying.

How do you read the ATR indicator value?

The true range indicator is taken as the greatest of the following: current high less the current low; the absolute value of the current high less the previous close; and the absolute value of the current low less the previous close. The ATR is then a moving average, generally using 14 days, of the true ranges.

Its purpose is to tell whether a stock is trading near the high or the low, or somewhere in between of its recent trading range. Long position stops should ideally never be forced to be lowered as it defeats the very purpose of having the stop in its appropriate place. It is proven that the average true range is truly a most versatile tool for traders to measure volatility and provides exit and entry locations. Moreover, a full trading system is buildable from this one singular idea. It’s truly an effective indicator that all market operators need to study diligently and which will only help them get the best results in the long term. If the volatility of a stock increased, it was entering a trend, and if it slowed down, it suggested a reversal.

Fundamental Analysis

The ATR is used with 14 periods with daily and longer timeframes and reflects the volatility values that are in relation to the trading instrument’s price. Low ATR values would normally correspond to a range trading while high values may indicate a trend breakout or breakdown. A low value of the Average True Range indicates small ranges in several consecutive periods. The Average True Range values imply lower price volatility.

Hence it is best to use for short-term technical analysis. Supertrend uses only the two parameters of ATR and multiplier which are not sufficient under certain conditions to predict the accurate direction of the market. It’s the average of true ranges over a period of time, which is important because the first ATR value is calculated as the average of the first set of TR values. In forex trading, the stochastic oscillator helps recognize any trends that are likely to be a reversal.

how to read average true range indicator

When a non-trending market is in the process of changing to a trending market, Bollinger bands can used to identify such changing dynamics. Usually, when the current trend gets very narrow, the upper and lower bands shrink considerably. Such an event usually presages a strong move in either direction, up or down.

Technical Analysis: Deciding trailing exit levels using ATR technical indicator

It is a lagging indicator; that is, a trend must have established itself before the ADX will generate a signal. When the ADX line is rising, trend strength is increasing, and the price moves in the direction of the trend. The average true range is also usable to plant stops for strategies ESOP on trading because this strategy works on any entry type used. Average true range forms the base of stops planted in the famous turtle trading mechanism. This distance measured from the highest price to the end of the trailing stop is usually set at 3 Average True Ranges.

how to read average true range indicator

It is an indicator quite similar toMoving AverageConvergence Divergence or MACD. If you are already using other indicators, it is quite simple to follow this one. Technical indicators are a supplement to price action and not a substitute to price action. Trading decisions that are based just on the signals generated by technical indicators without any confirmation from price are bound for failure. Once a signal is generated by an indicator, trade on that signal only when it is confirmed by price action.

Technical Indicators

If the Average True Range value remains low for some time, it may indicate the possibility of a trend reversal, or continuation move and an area of consolidation for the stock. As previously stated, the Average True Range does not take into account price direction, therefore it is not used as an active indicator to predict future moves. Instead, it is most useful in measuring the strength of a move. For example, if a security’s price makes a move or reversal, be it bullish or bearish, there will usually be an increase in volatility. In that case, the Average True Range will be on the rise. This can be used as a way to gauge the underlying strength of the move.

How to use ATR indicator in trading?

Using a 15-minute time frame, day traders add and subtract the ATR from the closing price of the first 15-minute bar. This provides entry points for the day, with stops being placed to close the trade with a loss if prices return to the close of that first bar of the day.

Usually, traders use ten periods and a multiplier of 3. Shorter values of n can bring up more signals and be more reactive to prices changes. A longer value of n can distil the noise of day-to-day price actions, and there will be fewer signals to act upon. A notable difference between commodity and stock markets is all major exchanges prevent highly erratic price movements by slapping a ceiling on the total amount movable by a market in one day. Called the lock limit, this reveals the maximum change recorded in one particular commodity’s price in a single day.

Understanding Technical Indicators

In order to use the indicator, open the chart of a particular stock you want to track and set a time interval of 10 minutes for intraday trading. Insert supertrend as your indicator and keep the settings as 10 and 3. Now start tracking when the signals are in your favour. Once you plot the indicator, you will find pictures as shown in the charts here.

how to read average true range indicator

Thus, ATR plays an important role in the supertrend technical analysis indicator. Fix the time interval of 10 minutes for the intraday trading. Since atr() itself uses moving average in its construction the latter formula uses in fact double smoothing and exhibits more delay than the first formula. The ATR is a volatility indicator that stands for the Average True Range Indicator.

ATR Volatility: How to Measure Stock Volatility with ATR?

As already stated, when the bands flatten out and shrink markedly, a pickup in volatility can be expected in either direction. Notice that near the end of the consolidation phase, price moved higher and touched the upper band. During this same time, the RSI broke above its sloping resistance line . The move higher in price coupled with the confirmation by the RSI increased the likelihood that an uptrend is likely to begin. In this uptrend, notice how the price fluctuated within the middle and the upper band while RSI frequently ventured into overbought zone but barely even approached the oversold zone. This highlights the importance of using Bollinger bands with other tools to increase the validity of the trading signals.

  • As the name suggests, it indicates the direction of the price movement in a market that is trending, that is following any particular path.
  • If a chartist identifies such a trend during its infancy, he can use it to his advantage and ride the trend until the dynamics of Bollinger bands start changing.
  • I would say, it’s 5 minutes because it’s the most widely used in India.
  • As already stated, because of the way the RSI is constructed, it is an extremely valuable tool to identify overbought and oversold regions.
  • A notable difference between commodity and stock marketsis all major exchanges prevent highly erratic price movements by slapping a ceiling on the total amount movable by a market in one day.
  • Apart from being a trend strength gauge, ATR serves as an element of position sizing in financial trading.

Meanwhile, to the extreme right of the chart, notice that the up move in price was not followed by a similar kind of up move in the ATR. This has got to do with the way the ATR is calculated. Remember that the ATR, in its calculation, compares the current bar either with itself or with the previous bar close.

When the downtrend is nearing an end, technical indicators will warn about changing market dynamics. It may be noted from the above paragraph that Bollinger bands is quite helpful when trading in a trending market. Similarly, Bollinger bands can be used to trade in a non-trending market too. As long as the price is in a lateral band, reversal from the lower band can be used to go long, and that from the upper band can be used to go short.

Is ATR a good indicator?

As such it is not a trend following indicator. It is possible for volatility to be either low or high during any trend. What the ATR is really good at is identifying potential explosive breakout moves. As a measure of volatility the ATR is also used by traders to set a trailing stop loss on their trades.

It is a momentum indicator used to identify overbought or oversold condition in the stock.Time period generally considered is 14 days. RSI between 25 & 45 is interpreted as a bearish condition. RSI between 45 & 55 is interpreted as a neutral condition.RSI between 55 & 75 is interpreted as a bullish condition.

In fact, it gives signals to go for long or short on confirmation of the trend. For both formulas high readings of the indicator mean high market volatility while low readings mean low volatility. Volatility is a general term used to describe the magnitude of day-to-day fluctuations in prices . Generally, changes in volatility tend to lead changes in prices. In this issue I will describe the formulas that use two, probably the simplest, approaches to this task. Please do not share your online trading password with anyone as this could weaken the security of your account and lead to unauthorized trades or losses.


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